Great composition is all about achieving visual balance.
As photographers, we carefully consider the placement of elements in the frame before we shoot. Assessing the visual weight of each element and complementing each one, either asymmetrically or symmetrically.
Let's take a look at symmetrical balance.
As you know from school days, symmetrical balance is achieved when there are equal amounts of something on both sides of the frame. You can divide the frame horizontally, vertically or even diagonally and elements will still be placed evenly.
When elements are repeated like this, it creates a sense of predictable order. Unlike asymmetrical, symmetrical balance relies on repetition, so the audience knows what to expect. For that reason, symmetry is considered to evoke a calm and peaceful mood. Consider the architecture and garden designs next time you go to a spa or holiday resort- all designed symmetrically to give you that feeling of serenity.
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Symmetry is a great way to develop your composition skills.
To help you get started;
Look for patterns in nature- they won’t be perfectly symmetrical, but near enough.
Architecture often lends itself well to symmetrical compositions.
There are 3 ways to divide your frame. Practice with horizontal and vertical first. Once you have mastered that try diagonal compositions.
Symmetry is a great theme to have in your favourites list because it usually produces visually stunning images.